First, let’s define the difference between a snow cave and a Quinzee. A Quinzee is made by shaping snow into a dome-like structure and then hollowing out sleeping quarters inside. The word Quinzee comes from the indigenous peoples of Alaska and Northern Canada.
A snow cave, on the other hand, is typically a hole dug into a large snowdrift or into deep snow. The snow is displaced from its location, in other words. To construct, you simply dig into deep snow to create a sleeping chamber. There are advantages and disadvantages, however to either one. The snow cover and geographic location may determine which one you construct.Read Full Article
Not every multi-tool is made the same. This would be obvious if you were to conduct a comparison and put several tools through their paces.
Leatherman® probably comes to mind when talking about multi-tools, and that’s because they are the innovators when it comes to multi-tools. Leatherman now has what they call the Leatherman OHT®, “one-hand-operable multi-tool”.Read Full Article
Before you can do anything, you need a staging area, a place to marshal the group or family if you will. Most full-time workers spend as much time at work as they do at home and even more, time is spent at work than at home in some cases. This means the chance of a crisis striking while you are at work is high, and if you cannot get home because of the crisis where do you go.
You at work cannot just head out willy-nilly nor can your family, so a pre-designated area must be identified. It is not recommended that you use a structure for the staging area because it could be destroyed, and you do not want any member in or near a structure if there is a chance it could be destroyed by nature or by humans.Read Full Article
Many call it a hybrid-hunting weapon, which can generate more speed and power than a traditional crossbow while at the same time being safer and easier to operate.
An AirBow, of course, uses compressed air to fire bolts, or arrows if you prefer to call them that. At 3,000 PSI an AirBow can fire, eight full sized arrows before refilling, at 450 FPS. It only requires two pounds of pressure to cock an AirBow, so essentially anyone can cock it even those with disabilities that might have rendered a traditional longbow or crossbow useless.Read Full Article
In an emergency, you may very well have to administer first aid to others and to yourself. It may be a matter of life and death. Rapid loss of blood from a severed artery is fatal if the bleeding is not stopped within seconds in some cases.
Having the right bandages and the right tourniquet in your field medical kit and knowing how to apply them both can be a lifesaver.
Arteries and Veins
Arteries carry blood from the heart, so if an artery is severed or damaged in some way, the heart is literally pumping blood out of the wound. While on the other hand, veins carry blood from various organs back to the heart, and so the blood is not under as much pressure as it flows through the veins, because it is not being pumped directly from the heart.Read Full Article
First, what do polarized lenses do, and then we will discuss the benefits to anglers.
When light is reflected from a smooth surface such as water it is what is referred to as “horizontally polarized”, which simply means instead of being scattered in all directions, it is more focused in a horizontal direction, which causes intense and sometimes dangerous glare.
Polarized lenses block this type of glare or reflected light. When wearing polarized lenses, even on cloudy days you will notice the haze or halo is reduced or eliminated as well.Read Full Article
Reconnaissance or Recon patrols are typically sent out to gather information such as enemy numbers, and in the case of a Prepper group, they would also be used to locate resources, and generally keep track of the comings and goings of others that may or may not pose a threat. The patrols would normally range beyond any security patrols. In fact, they may cover many miles in and around a city in a single day.
Security patrols are usually sent out to detect threats that may be directed at the base camp or Command and Control Center. A security patrol would be the first to know of an attack directed at the base camp and they would need the means to provide advanced warning to the camp so they can prepare.Read Full Article
As if you needed any more reasons to start growing and raising your own food, Chipotle restaurants have now given you one more reason.
Chipotle restaurants are noted or want to be noted for using organically grown foods. Obviously, the growers cannot use commercial fertilizers and still call their product organic, so they typically use animal manure for fertilizer. Before the manure can be used however, it must be composted for a specific period, but foods grown in other countries are not regulated as heavily as they are here in the United States.
The manure may go directly from the barns to the fields, bypassing proper composting practices, which would have eliminated the bacteria in the manure, bacterium that has sickened close to two dozen people so far.
In addition, human feces has been found on some food products grown in other countries, so it may not just be animal manure being used as fertilizer. In fact, in July 2015, the FDA banned Cilantro from Mexico because of human feces in the fields.
Once in the fields it is not a far stretch to imagine it is on the leaves of your produce as well. Some foods do not require cooking that would kill the bacteria, and a quick rinse may not be enough to remove the bacteria (Stapleton, 2015).
Foods from other countries or even from this country could pose a health risk if not properly grown and processed, and part of the processing to ensure you are safe must be done by you. You have to clean any foods that will not be cooked to a high enough temperature to kill any bacteria present on the product.
You simply cannot buy fresh produce carry it home and slice and eat. You shouldn’t do this even with produce you grow yourself. A proper scrubbing and rinsing is important to wash away contaminates on the product. You also have to clean fruits and vegetables that have heavy skins that are not usually eaten. The knife used to cut into the product will carry the bacteria inside to the edible parts, as will your hands, if you handle the skins before washing the skins and your hands thoroughly.
If you compost at your homestead it has to be done properly to ensure the organic matter has been broken down (decomposed) correctly. This requires heat, which is generated by the decomposition of organic matter. Cow/horse manure can be composted, but it should compost for up to six months before being used as fertilizer. The heat generated must reach a certain level and maintain at that level.
Hot composting manure before applying it to your garden will kill parasites and reduce seeds from any weeds in the manure. Hot composting balances food, water, and air in the compost pile to favor the growth of much needed microorganisms that thrive in high temperatures.
It takes one-half to one cubic yard of fresh organic matter for the pile to reach the recommended temperatures for hot composting”, states Nick Andrews, small farms specialist with the OSU Extension Service. “The pile should also have a balanced carbon-to-nitrogen ratio and good moisture and oxygen supplies (OSU, n.d.).”
Associated Press (2015, November 3) Retrieved 2015, from http://www.foxnews.com/health/2015/11/03/officials-identify-microorganism-responsible-for-chipotle-e-coli-outbreak-shift-focus-to-suppliers.html?intcmp=hplnws
OSU. (n.d.). Retrieved 2015, from http://extension.oregonstate.edu/gardening/turn-manure-compost-your-garden
Stapleton, A. (2015, July). Retrieved 2015, from http://www.cnn.com/2015/07/28/health/mexico-cilantro/Read Full Article
Previous articles have talked about Prepper groups, and whether you should be a part of one or not, and how to establish one, and who and what to look for when choosing members. This article, however, will assume you will end up traveling with a group of people, whether that was your original intent or not.
We as humans tend to seek out other humans, particularly during a crisis. Your objective during a calamity would be to separate the sheep from the shepherd however, if you end up traveling with a group.Read Full Article
Bug Out Bag Debate: Tarp or Tent for Emergency Shelter
A Bug-Out-Bag Is Designed For Emergencies, So Some Inconvenience Is To Be Expected
When on a family outing, you can carry a six or eight person cabin tent in the back of your vehicle. Weight is not a large factor when you can pack your supplies in the cargo space of an SUV or pickup.Read Full Article