Before we get started, here are some definitions, and temperature ranges, which might be of interest.
Piloted ignition: The use of a flame, spark, or hot surface to ignite any given fuel.
There are various terms and explanations out there, but piloted ignition is easy to remember and understand because we all know what a pilot light is on a gas stove or heater. It is a flame that is exposed to a fuel, either propane or natural gas or even diesel/biofuel used in certain heaters. The flame, then, of course, ignites the combustibles just as a match or lighter flame would. The flame makes contact and the time contact is required for ignition depends on the combustible.Read Full Article
Steel Wool is inexpensive, lightweight and is a much better alternative to char cloth when used for making fires. Steel wool takes a spark just as easily as char cloth but burns a lot hotter than char cloth and can even be used if it gets wet.
Another plus to steel wool is that you can use batteries to ignite it. So check out this excellent video by The Outdoor Gear Review to see how well it works and throw some in your fire kit because you never know when it might come in handy.
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First, a question, do you scrape your magnesium bar to get fine particles or do you shave it to get curls.
High quality magnesium shavings will burn at approximately 5600° F/3093° C. The magnesium content in the bars available at camping stores and other retail outlets can vary. The percentage of magnesium would not be 100 percent. Other metal alloys are mixed in, and the more alloys contained in the stick the lower the burning temperature.Read Full Article
A previous article discussed the basics of wilderness survival, the basics meaning simple and straight forward. Information to get you started, and information that can actually save your life. No fancy tricks, and no years of training needed to learn the basics of surviving long enough to be rescued.
Once you know the basics however, you can then build upon them. You will need practice to gain confidence, so that you can actually change the environment around you allowing you to survive in it.Read Full Article
Most of the survival reality shows would have you believe that you could awaken one day to find yourself in the middle of a jungle or in a vast wilderness area with nothing but the clothes on your back, and with shoes in some cases. You may be expected to survive with nothing more than flip-flops, a piece of Styrofoam and your PJ bottoms.
Of course, the shows are all about ratings. The reality is however, that you left home for a mountain bike ride and the tire blew out 12 miles from home and the fall makes it hard for you to walk. A few hours day hike turns into a nightmare of days wandering lost, or you got lost on a hunting trip, camping trip or your vehicle breaks down in some remote area. This is how you end up lost or stranded in most cases.Read Full Article
What is one thing that separates man from all other living creatures? Fire. Animals have been known to create and use tools, simple tools, but tools nonetheless. Man is the only master of the magical fire. But just like tools, there are different types of fire and different uses for fire. Check out this excellent article below by The 7 P’s Blog to learn the difference between a survival fire and a cooking fire.Read Full Article
A basic tenant in survival is making fire, without it humans are at a great disadvantage to nature. Basic flint and steel firecraft has been around since the dawn of man. As advanced as we are in the modern day, sometimes basic skills like this bewilder the iPhone toting individual. Join Dave Canterbury as he shows you the proper basics of making fire with flint, steel, and char cloth.
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You find yourself in the woods, night is falling and the warmth from the setting sun is fading. Temps are dropping quick and your bones are starting to chill. You need fire, but a matches are a luxury you no longer have.
You do have a pair of shoes and a pocket knife. How will they help you start a fire? Check out this excellent article below by field and stream to learn 7 primitive methods to start a fire.
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As long as the sun is out, you always have a source of fire. The energy of the sun, even though it is 93 million miles away, is still enough to light some tinder if focused properly. There are a few things you are going to have to know before you try to start a fire with the sun. This article from Willowhaven Outdoors will set you straight on how to start a solar fire.Read Full Article
Most people know it as char cloth but it is also called “charpaper”. Char cloth is made using vegetable fiber and the most common fiber used is cotton but it can also be made from linen and jute.
The process to covert the cloth to carbon form is called “pyrolysis”, which is nothing more than the decomposition of molecules by heat to break a chemical substance down into a simpler form. The making of char cloth causes a chemical reaction as it forces most of the gases out of the material, but not all of them, otherwise you would end up with a pile of black ash.
Synthetic materials would not reduce to carbon form when heated, synthetic material is not organic and would essentially melt away. Burning of this type material may also produce toxic fumes.
The process reduces the material to its carbon form, however if heated too long it will reduce to ash form. It may take a bit of practice to get the cloth to where it can be handled without crumbling apart and yet has achieved the low ignition point.
One hundred percent cotton tee shirts are ideal for making char cloth and some have had luck using cotton balls as long as they say 100 percent cotton.
The cloth once converted correctly is slow burning with a low ignition temperature. The material can be ignited with a single spark, which in turn is used to ignite dry tinder. Once you have char cloth all you need to create an ember is a spark.
Always make your char cloth outside where having a fire is not a safety hazard. The process will create fumes/gases.
Making Char Cloth
1.) Small metal container than can be sealed tightly such as a mint tin, (altoids) or other container.
2.) Cotton, linen or jute fabric
3.) Tool (s) to cut the material to fit into the container
4.) Fire source, open flame is recommended
5). Heavy gloves to handle the hot container or metal pliers/tongs large enough to grasp the container
6.) Tool (s) to create a small hole in the container lid, use a small nail, or drill a hole
The hole is essential. It is needed to allow the gases to escape and yet is not so large as to allow oxygen to reach the material. Use a finishing nail end and just puncture the metal with the tip of the nail.
Cut the cloth to fit into the can and you can roll or layer the material. Seal and place close to the flame, you just want heat applied to the bottom or one side, in other words do not allow the flame to lick up the sides or over the top of the container. You want slow partial combustion.
Once on the flame you will see, smoke/gas escaping from the hole after a few minutes. The gas is flammable. Once the smoke stops flowing out the hole or is reduced dramatically, you can flip the can over to make sure the entire material has been charred, and then look for more smoke. Remove if you do not see any.
Leaving the container on the heat after the gases have stopped flowing out the hole will allow oxygen to enter which will accelerate combustion, and this of course will burn up the material. The gases exiting the hole prevent oxygen from entering.
Let cool and then remove the cloth. Check your work by creating a spark to see if the char cloth will take the spark and form an ember. Once lit char cloth can be difficult to extinguish. You may have to seal it in a metal container to deprive it of oxygen; otherwise, it will burn up the entire piece and can be a fire hazard if left unattended.Read Full Article