1.) Fish Trap
This works best with a two liter bottle because of the size. First, cut the top off to create a funnel. Then you cut the threaded neck off to create a bigger opening in the funnel, or leave it in its original state depending on what size fish you want, or expect to trap.
Then push the cut top into the bottom portion. You can punch holes through both pieces and secure together with fishing line or any cordage. Punch holes in the sides of the bottle and the bottom to allow for water flow.
The fish swim in the enlarged end and are funneled into the bottom portion. You can cut a flap in the bottom of the trap to release any fish you do not want. Bait and then secure the trap with line or weigh down by placing stones inside.
Use the same method, but do not cut the opening bigger to trap live bait.Read Full Article
It’s not as easy as it may sound either. Water weighs approximately 8.5 pounds per gallon, which means that you have to choose where you store your water carefully. It would not be hard to imagine a shelf collapsing under the weight. Five one gallon jugs of water would weigh slightly over 40 pounds, and a shelf already loaded down with canned goods would be under considerable strain.
Avoid Using the Following Containers to Store Safe Water
- Containers that cannot be sealed tightly
- Containers that can break, such as glass bottles
- Containers that have ever been used for any toxic solid or liquid chemicals (includes old bleach containers)
- Plastic or cardboard bottles, jugs, and containers used for milk or fruit juices
It is all about the packaging material when it comes to storing water. You can of course repurpose containers that previously had stored water or certain other foods. According to the CDC, however, water not commercially bottled should be discarded after six months. A previous article had discussed the safe bottling of water at home, and it detailed how to properly sanitize water storage containers (CDC, 2015).
A major obstacle if you want to call it that would be where to store water because of its weight. A 50 gallon container of water would weigh over 400 pounds, and 50 gallons of water would not last a family of four very long if you consider each person would need between 3 and 5 gallons per day for hydration, cooking, area sanitation/cleanup, and personal hygiene.
If you live in an apartment building on the upper floors, weight may become a concern, not to mention space. Older buildings may have weight restrictions. Some of you may remember when waterbeds were popular. Because of the popularity many apartments had to state in their lease contracts that they were not allowed because of the weight, and because of water damage that would be caused due to a leak. There is not a lot of water in a waterbed, so you can imagine what kind of a problem 4 or 5 five 50 gallon barrels could create.
There is an option however, and that is your spare bathtub. If you have two bathrooms one can be used to store water. If you have the standard 35 gallon bathtub that was installed in the apartment then you have to assume the builders had reinforced the subfloor under the tub to accommodate what 35 gallons of water would weigh. Leaks in any container would of course go down the drain. The engineers would also have to accommodate for the weight of a person in a full tub of water as well.
Other parts of the apartment may not have the same reinforced flooring. Bedrooms often times do however, have reinforced subfloors to accommodate heavier beds, but you would have to check with the building supervisor or manager.
The tub may hold even more than 35 gallons but 35 is the lower end of the standard, so it could be up to 50 or even more depending on the style and the apartment itself. Now you have a place to store up to 35 gallons of water safely, and even more if you wanted to use the other tub increasing your stockpile to 70 gallons. This of course does not mean that you cannot store water by the gallon in your pantry or kitchen, but you would again have to be aware of the weight.
Some apartments offer storage rooms or small lockers that may or may not be community storage. If you have a storage room in the basement then you do have another option as long as you can fill a 50 gallon barrel in position. You cannot fill a 50 gallon barrel next to the outdoor spigot and then expect to carry it to the basement storage room.
Access during an emergency is another consideration. Can you get to your water supply during a crisis? Do others have access to your water supply is another question. You cannot trust the quality of your water if others have access to it.
In newer apartment buildings weight may not be a factor, but usually there is some type of weight restriction, because any subfloor would be rated for a certain amount of weight.
You might say well I have heavy friends that come over and it is no problem. Well there is a difference between a heavy object sitting in one place and weight disbursement. People do not park it in one place for weeks or months at a time, they move around. They are not there for an extended period in the same place.
The Following Is an Excerpt from A Rental Agreement, What Does Yours Say
“LIQUID FILLED FURNISHINGS: No liquid filled furniture, receptacle containing more than ten gallons of liquid is permitted without prior written consent and meeting the requirements of the OWNER. RESIDENT also agrees to carry insurance deemed appropriate by OWNER to cover possible losses that may be caused by such items”.
Obviously the lease terms are restrictive, overly so, but failure to comply with a particular clause in your lease/rental agreement may create an insurance nightmare, and other problems, if one of your water containers sprung a leak for example. Know your rights and your obligations before storing large quantities of water.Read Full Article
First, smoking and using tobacco products is detrimental to your health.
Nicotine is a potent parasympathomimetic alkaloid found in the nightshade family of plants (Solanaceae) and is considered a stimulant drug. Nicotine can be toxic to humans and to insects/parasites. Nicotine is found in the leaves of Nicotiana tabacum, the tobacco plant.
At one time the United States Military provided cigarettes in rations that were issued to members of the military. Typically three non-filtered cigarettes were provided, but they were not just for smoking. Some of you may remember “Smoke Em If You Got Em, Bum Em If Ya Don’t”.Read Full Article
If you do any kind of research online you will find you need, or it is suggested you need, a bug-out-bag, an Everyday Carry kit (EDC), a wilderness survival kit, possibly a action bag at the office, and of course a survival kit for your vehicle. To top the list off, you would need an emergency kit for the home as well.
This article is not so much about what you need, because really you are the only one that knows that, but more about how to get started. Getting started is the hardest part, and how to get started can be overwhelming for those new to prepping.
Previous articles have talked extensively about the fact that most supplies are not disaster specific, in other words, you will need the same supplies regardless of the crisis. There are exceptions of course, but before running out and buying specialized equipment, materials, or gear, get started on the basics for survival first.
What Exactly Will You Be Dealing With
Power disruptions, which will mean no electricity and water disruptions if you receive water from a municipality and possible disruptions in natural gas flow and your local propane company, may not be able to get to your home to top off, or fill your tank (s).
There may be damage to the roads and highways, so travel may be limited or you may not be able to get out of your own driveway. Resupplying at the local markets will be impossible. With all this in mind now you can begin building your homes’ basic emergency kit.
Electricity Is So Ingrained In Our Lives
Your new Keurig 2.0 or the latest auto drip coffee maker, which is so high-tech it even fries your bacon for you will not work, so the ole standby camp percolator will have to suffice that is if you even have any ground coffee available.
You really have to look closely. People are so accustomed to using certain things that they forget some, if not most things in the kitchen require electricity. You will have the same basic tasks to complete during the day whether you have electricity or not. Meals will have to be prepared, children tended to, cans of food opened and food cooked or heated.
You have to list the things that will replace the gadgets that require electricity. If you wanted to make bread, for example, how you would do it without electricity is a question for which you need the answer. This is how you begin to figure out what is needed in your emergency kit.
Water and food are the staples and you simply cannot survive without them. You need a comprehensive plan for the storage of both, and in particular water. A few jugs stuck on a shelf here and there is not good enough.
Survival experts usually recommend one gallon per day per person, but that is only enough to prevent dehydration, it does not include cooking needs, bathing/personal hygiene, and so forth. Three to five gallons per person, per day is closer to what your needs will be, but essentially you are the only one that can determine this. Weight is a factor along with space. Water weighs slightly over eight pounds per gallon, so the weight will add up quickly.
It is not that you cannot live without electricity, but the fact is that the majority of people in this country have never had to live without electricity for more than a few days at a time. Many do not know for sure whether they can or not for an extended period. The reality is that many people simply do not know how to live without electricity.
A few hours without it, is an irritation, a few days is a serious inconvenience, but a few weeks without it, is a catastrophe, and can be life threatening in some cases.
It takes extensive planning, far more planning than putting together a bug-out-bag, an EDC kit, or even a wilderness survival kit. “Three hots and a cot” seems simple enough until you start buying extra food, water, emergency blankets, flashlights, lanterns, propane heaters, propane camp stoves and the list goes on.
It takes planning, commitment and financial resources, and this is why most of the people in this country are unprepared for any crisis that last more than 72-hours, and some cannot even make the claim they are prepared for 72-hours.Read Full Article
The following are just a few of the things that may require permission, or permits to do in your own backyard if you live within a municipality, city, or county that has certain residential codes, policies or laws enacted.
Did you realize that many states have regulations concerning backyard composting or composting in general? Typically, the regulations state no permit is required unless composting amounts reach a certain weight or cubic feet. If you plan to sell or give away composted material then the regulations do change however, so check first.
Certain waste such as solids, or human waste cannot be composted regardless of location without a permit and special facilities, in most cases. Therefore, before you begin composting human waste in your own backyard check with your city.Read Full Article
It is possible, but this is an opinion only, that the term “Bug-out-bag” has seen its best days behind it. However, realizing the need to be prepared is actually gaining steam among the American populace and around the world.
In reality you would probably not bug out as it is defined by most survival articles and survival blogs. You may have to evacuate, or in some cases, have to be rescued, so in essence, you could become a refugee rather quickly.
Unfortunately, you probably would not have near the control over your own actions, as you would like. What you can control however, is what you carry or have with you, so is it a bug-out-bag, or an emergency kit that is designed for practically any crisis.
The crisis itself may prevent you from leaving, and thus, you would have to hunker down and wait for rescue personnel to show up in boats or helicopters during flooding for example. You may have to wait for the authorities to show up with emergency shelters, and other essentials during an earthquake, and possibly wait for community leaders to release schools and other public buildings for use as emergency shelters. The point is you may very well have to wait for others to provide you with a safe haven if you cannot shelter in place.
You also have to consider the possibility that government emergency management teams and other organizations like the Red Cross may never show up or show days later. You have to prepare with this in mind as well.
Is bugging-out to the woods an option? Looking for a safe haven in the wilds is probably your worst option in most cases.
Disasters are nothing new, and people evacuating their homes or cities ahead of, or during a crisis is certainly nothing new in the United States or around the world. It is happening somewhere right now.
Redefine What You Plan to Do or May Have to Do
Redefine the mission requirements as it were, so you can put an emergency kit together. The most likely scenario you would find yourself in is relocating to a shelter not of your own making. You would have a roof over your head, but that may be all you would have other than what you carry with you, for the first 72-hours.
You would need supplies for your daily existence, supplies such as emergency rations, personal hygiene items, drinking water, and clothing along with bedding, medications, and other things deemed necessary by you. You may end up sleeping on a hard surface if cots are not available right away.
There would be times when you would have days to prepare, such as with wildfires and even with flooding. If you do have advanced warning then you can pick and choose in some cases, where you want to relocate, and you could leave in your well packed vehicle days ahead of the crisis. Hotels in a neighboring town or city, or a friends or relatives house would be ideal places to seek refuge during a localized crisis. However, there will be disasters that strike with no warning.
A train traveling through your community carrying toxic chemicals could derail, for example, forcing an immediate evacuation, and if you are not ready at a moment’s notice, you and your family will suffer for it. However, this does not mean you would grab a bug-out-bag and head for the woods.
You would be likely directed as to which way to go, so it would not be of your own choosing. The local authorities may even provide transportation out of the disaster area. There is any number of disaster scenarios where you would not be able to travel in the direction in which you had planned.
For those that still consider bugging-out to the wilds a viable option then plan for it, but remember when the rubber meets the road if you will, things change and you must be able to adapt.
Setting out with a pack on your back is not an option for most people. This is just the reality of the situation and unfortunately some people will plan to do so not knowing if they can or not. They may have read a few articles and watched a few Doomsday Prepper shows and are convinced they too can make it happen.
If you were to bug-out your timing would have to be perfect, so perfect in fact, you would need to know a crisis was coming before anyone else. You would also need a place to go, the means to get there, and then a way to survive for an extended period once you arrived, because a 72-hour bag typically does not lend itself to long term survival in the wilds.
This article is not intended to discourage anyone from doing anything he or she has decided is right for his or her situation. It is intended however, to make you think before you commit to one course of action that may turn out to be more disastrous then the crisis you are bugging-out from. Like a fish hook, some plans, once you have committed to them, cannot be easily reversed.Read Full Article
Bug Out Bag Debate: Tarp or Tent for Emergency Shelter
A Bug-Out-Bag Is Designed For Emergencies, So Some Inconvenience Is To Be Expected
When on a family outing, you can carry a six or eight person cabin tent in the back of your vehicle. Weight is not a large factor when you can pack your supplies in the cargo space of an SUV or pickup.Read Full Article
French Couple Dead after Hike in New Mexico: Child Rescued
David 42, and his wife, Ornella 51, died during a hike in the hellish heat at White Sands National Monument in New Mexico. As they hiked in the heat, their water supply quickly dwindled. They knew they were in trouble, because they gave their son two sips of water for each one they took, likely saving his life according to the authorities.
The family carried two, 20-ounce water bottles as they set out at 1pm on the hike along the national monument’s Alkali Flat trail. This is less than one gallon of water rationed between two adults and one child.
There is absolutely no vegetation or shade of any kind and the temperature that day reaced101° F. The National Park Service warns summertime visitors to hike only in the cool hours and to carry at least a gallon of water per person. Warnings signs are posted in conspicuous places in various languages, including French (FoxNews.com, 2015).
This is a tragedy, another day hike that quickly turned into a nightmare.
Would You and Could You
It is one thing to find yourself in a survival situation not necessarily of your own making. You could be a passenger on a small aircraft that goes down in an unforgiving area, or your vehicle breaks down while crossing arid land, anything could happen to anyone at any time. It is another thing however, to set out unprepared, where your own decisions up to a point have put you and others in desperate straits. You had better be prepared.
1.) Know the Terrain
Study the area you expect to be using topographical maps. Are there hills to climb, bodies of water to cross and so on. Is there shade in hot weather?
2.) Know the Possible Dangers
The couple that died had come over from France, presumably on vacation, so there may have been certain barriers such as language and even temperature readings in Fahrenheit that may have prevented them from understanding certain things. However, hot is hot regardless of language and lack of water plus high heat is a deadly combination that everyone should be aware of.
July is the hottest month in Paris averaging 20°C or 68°F. The coldest month is January at 5°C or 41°F. Daily sunshine hours average around 10 in July. Average high temperatures in the summer months in other parts of France rarely exceed 90° F (Current Results.com, n.d.).
Why is this important, it is important because the couple may have never experienced extreme heat, and thus may not have been aware of the actual dangers?
The hottest recorded temperature in Paris reached 40.4°C (104.7°F) on 28 July 1948. The deadly heat wave in August 2003 produced nine (9) consecutive days of temperatures exceeding 35°C (95°F). These temperatures are quite exceptional, however.
The high 90’s are rather common in many parts of the United States in the summer months. In France it is not common, and so people are not prepared necessarily. In their minds they see no need essentially, well no need until you are no longer in France.
This applies to you as well, because where you live now may be vastly different from where you may find yourself in a survival situation.
3.) Planning is Crucial
Before setting out on any adventure, whether it’s in a vehicle, boat or aircraft know the final destination, and know what you can reasonably expect to find there. This way you can prepare. You cannot judge what the situation may be somewhere else based on where you live now. You may not be able to survive using the habits that you have adapted for survival in your current location.
Some people may find that discussing this tragedy may not be appropriate, but it must be discussed unfortunately. The mistakes made by those that came before us must be brought to light so others can avoid those same mistakes.
You have to know whether you have the right equipment/materials or supplies, and are equipped mentally and physically before setting out. If there is any doubt, then you should forgo any hikes, hunting expeditions and other outdoor adventures until you are ready. If you do not know if you are ready or not, then assume you are not.
Current Results.com. (n.d.). Retrieved 2015, from http://www.currentresults.com/Weather/France/average-annual-temperatures.php
FoxNews.com. (2015, August 10). Retrieved 2015, from http://www.foxnews.com/us/2015/08/10/french-couple-dead-after-hike-in-new-mexico-child-rescued/Read Full Article
Dehydration can sneak up on you and impair your thinking to the point you may not realize you need to take immediate action. Rescuers have at times found lost hikers and others that have succumbed to dehydration with water still in their canteens. People think they should ration their water for when they need it and this can have serious consequences.
Once you begin to experience dehydration your mental acuity is affected. You will not be thinking straight, and you can make decisions detrimental to your survival. Trying to save water for later is a bad decision, but the amazing thing is the decision is usually made when the mind is clear.Read Full Article
This Hydration Engine Bladder is much more than just a plastic bag with a drink tube that can only be used for hydration for one person.
The GEIGERRIG system dramatically expands the uses for you and even others’ access to drinking water. The bladder is BPA FREE and PTHALATE Free.
It has a unique spray system, with an on board pump bulb used to pressurize the system. Use the spray system for an emergency shower, to cool down pets, cool down you, or fill a pet’s water bowl without contaminating the mouth piece.
Use the spray to irrigate wounds on yourself and others and to fill drinking cups or spray directly in the mouth of others from the bladder without anyone or anything touching the mouth piece. The water is under pressure, so no one has to touch the drinking tube to get access to drinking water if you do not want him or her to.Read Full Article